Author Guidelines


Table of Content

General
Submission of a paper
Organization of a full-length research paper
Case reports
Case series
Short communication
Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses Templates. Get templates
Letters to the Editors.
Editorial
Opinion
Perspective
Obituaries
Revised manuscripts
Permissions
Copyright
Publication and peer review processes
Online submission Requirements
Article Processing Charges
MJZ peer review process
MJZ record retention policy (CrossMark Policy)
MJZ retraction policy
MJZ correction policy
Permanent archiving of content
Authors conflicts and complaints resolution
MJZ Research Ethics Policy

1. General

The Medical Journal of Zambia (MJZ) is an open access peer-reviewed quarterly journal intended for the publication of papers from all specialities of medicine (Internal Medicine, Surgery, Paediatrics and Obstetrics & Gynaecology) and their subspecialties, basic sciences, public health, social medicine and medical politics.  

The journal also welcomes contributions from experienced individuals describing the way they deal with particular problems (i.e., intended to pass on the art of medicine). 

Short reports will include case report, commentary, conference proceedings, editorials, viewpoints, and letter to the editors. Short Communications should be no longer than 1500 words. They must have an abstract and references, but the main body of the text does not have to follow the original research´s format. We give privilege to invited reviews and encourage prospective authors of systematic reviews to discuss the project with the editorial office before development.

Manuscripts will be initially screened by an editor for adherence to the journal´s instructions or identification of gross deficiencies. At this stage, the corresponding author can be contacted by the editorial office for clarification or the manuscript can be rejected. Once this initial screening is completed, manuscripts are sent to two-three referees; if appropriate, a statistical reviewer is involved. On average, we will report back to authors within 6 weeks with a first decision. Authors should however note that the average duration from submission to publication is roughly 3 months (1 - 6 months). We encourage authors not to contact the editorial office less than 6 weeks after the initial submission. We discourage and will ignore requests by authors to speed up the publication process for a particular manuscript.

Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review.

Language of publication is English only. Poor English does not prevent acceptance provided the paper's content is of high scientific quality; we however strongly encourage authors to have their manuscript reviewed by a fluent English speaker and writer to improve its language contents prior to submission. All accepted manuscripts are copy-edited.

To facilitate rapid publication and to minimize administrative costs, MJZ accepts only online submission. The submission process is compatible with all the latest browsers. Ensure that javascript is enabled in your browser.

Files can be submitted as a batch. The submission process allows the authors to interrupt it at any time, and continue where they left off at their return on the site.

During submission you will be asked to provide a cover letter. Use this to explain why your manuscript should be published in the journal and to elaborate on any issues relating to our editorial policies detailed in the instructions for authors.

The Journal is published quarterly in a year and provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

MJZ content licensing: Articles published in MJZ are Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

2. Submission of a paper

Online submission
MJZ Journals only accept online submissions. Click here to access the Online Manuscript Submission System. Simple onscreen instructions are provided. If you experience problems with the online submission system, send an email to editor@mjz.co.zm . Do not send your manuscript to that email address, it will be ignored.

Conflicts of interest
Will be mentioned in the manuscript as "Authors declared they have no conflicts of interest".

Organization of a full-length research paper

Maximum length: 4000 words in main text (i.e., excluding abstract, references, legends, tables and figures), 4 tables/figures maximum, and a structured abstract of 250 words plus up to 50 references.

Title page - This page should state: a) The title of the paper (include the study design if appropriate; for example: A versus B in the treatment of C: a randomized controlled trial; X is a risk factor for Y: a case control study), b) Authors names (full name - no qualification, no abbreviations). Strictly follow this order: First Name, Middle name (if ever), Last Name. E.g.: Peter Naloli Nawa), c) institution(s) of origin, d) Corresponding author plus his/her address, e-mail address.

Abstract - The abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 250 words and must be structured into separate sections: Background: the context and purpose of the study; Methods: how the study was performed and statistical tests used; Results: the main findings; Conclusion: brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Keywords. Up to ten keywords should be provided at the end of the Abstract. The keywords should be Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®) Terms. Use the MeSH on Deman Tool to help suggest keywords.
Abbreviations a list of abbreviations is not accepted. Define abbreviations the first time they are used in the text and use them thereafter. No abbreviations in the abstract except for vary know ones.

Background The background section should be written from the standpoint of researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state - and, if helpful, illustrate - the background to the research and its aims. Reports of clinical research should, where appropriate, include a summary of a search of the literature to indicate why this study was necessary and what it aimed to contribute to the field. The section should end with a very brief statement of what is being reported in the article.

Methods Sufficient information should be given to permit repetition of the experimental work. This should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate.

Results - The Results should be stated concisely without discussion and should not normally contain any references. The same data should not be presented in figures and tables. Do not repeat all the data that is set out in the tables or figures in the text; emphasize or summarize only important observations.

Discussion - The Discussion should deal with the interpretation of the results and not recapitulate them. We encourage authors to write their Discussion in a structured way, as follows: a) statement of principal findings; b) strengths and weaknesses of the study; c) strengths and weaknesses in relation to other studies; d) discussion of important differences in results; e) meaning of the study; f) unanswered questions and future research.

Limitations - Always acknowledge the potential the limitations of your study that and how they impact or influence the interpretation of the findings from your research, the generalizability, applications to practice, and/or utility of findings.

Conclusion - The conclusion should provide a brief summarize of the key findings, potential implications and the way forward.

What is already known on this topic: include a maximum of 03 bullet points on what is already known on this topic.

What this study adds: include a maximum of 03 bullet points on what your study adds.

Acknowledgements - Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the study by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include their source(s) of funding. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. The role of a medical writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements. Please list the source(s) of funding for the study, for each author, and for the manuscript preparation in the acknowledgements section. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Competing interest - Authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other personal connections. Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'. When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

  • Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions - In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section. The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URM) of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) recommends the following criteria for authorship (Learn more about the URM on Authorship and Contributorship):

  • Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
  • When a large, multicentred group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript (3). These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Journals generally list other members of the group in the Acknowledgments.
  • Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship.
  • All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed.
  • Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

References - References must be numbered consecutively, in ssuperscript (like this human Simplex virus1, or this AIDS2,3 or even this HPV4-8, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Reference citations should not appear in titles or headings. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Preferably, limit the number of references to 50. If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission. We encourage authors to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.

Examples of the MJZ reference style which is Vancouver style are shown below. Please take care to follow the reference style precisely; references not in the correct style may be retyped, necessitating tedious proofreading.

We strongly advocate the use of Zotero, a free and open-source reference management software which is a very good alternative to expensive software like Reference Manager or EndNote.

Manuscripts not formatted according to the MJZ style will be returned to the authors

 

  1. Ng’andu, N.H. and Watts, T.E. Child growth and breast feeding in urban Zambia. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 1992; 44:212-285.
  2. Afroz N, Khan N, Siddiqui FA, Rizvi M. Eumycetoma versus actinomycetoma: Diagnosis on cytology. J Cytol. 2010 Oct;27(4):133–5.

For books, names and initials of all authors, the full title, place of publication, publishers, year of publication and page numbers should be given.

  1. Fleiss JL. Statistical methods for rates and proportions - 3rd edition. 2003. Hoboken. J Wiley

NB: Note the use of dots to separate the sections of the book reference.

 

Formatting web references: Use the format below to reference a web page or a web site. Author of the page. Name of the source (if any). Year of data. url. Date link accessed

  1. SAS Institute. SAS 9. http://support.sas.com/software/index.htm. Accessed 10 April 2005

 

NB: Note the use of dots to separate the sections of the web

 

Authors should personally verify the accuracy of every reference before submitting the paper for publication and should ensure that the listed references correspond exactly to those in the text.

 

When finalizing your research manuscript, ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Are your study aims clearly stated and logical?
  2. Is the rationale/justification for conducting the study clear?
  3. Are the methods described in sufficient detail so that the experiment could be reproduced?
  4. Is the study design robust and appropriate to the stated aim(s)?
  5. Are the conclusions drawn supported by the data?
  6. Is the discussion section critical and comprehensive?
  7. Are the references appropriate in number and up-to-date?
  8. Are statements supported appropriately by parenthetical citations?

The STROBE Checklists provide good guidance on how to report observational research well.

Download the MS Word version of the STROBE checklists. Include the completed form as an annex to your submission.

4. Case reports 

Case reports represent an important fraction of paper published in medical journals and are an important source of learning and experience sharing for clinicians.
The case reports that we will consider for publication should be:

  • An important clinical lesson
  • Findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect
  • Learning from medical errors and support to medical education
  • Unusual presentation of more common disease/injury
  • Rare disease or new disease
  • New way to procedure to diagnose a disease
  • Innovative way to manage a condition/disease in an African setting
  • Unusual association of diseases/symptoms
  • Unexpected outcome (positive or negative) including adverse drug reactions

The MJZ follows the CARE guidelines (for CAse REports) to support accuracy, transparency, and usefulness of case reports. Authors of case reports should ensure that their submission follows the CARE Check list.

  1. Title– The diagnosis or intervention of primary focus followed by the words “case report”.
  2. Key Words – 2 to 5 key words that identify diagnoses or interventions in this case report (including "case report").
  3. Abstract– (structured or unstructured)
    • Introduction – What is unique about this case and what does it add to the scientific literature?
    • The patient’s main concerns and important clinical findings.
    • The primary diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes.
    • Conclusion – What are one or more “take-away” lessons from this case report?
  4. Introduction – Briefly summarizes why this case is unique and may include medical literature references.
  5. Patient Information
    • De-identified patient specific information.
    • Primary concerns and symptoms of the patient.
    • Medical, family, and psychosocial history including relevant genetic information.
    • Relevant past interventions and their outcomes.
  6. Clinical Findings – Describe significant physical examination (PE) and important clinical findings.
  7. Timeline – Historical and current information from this episode of care organized as a timeline (figure or table).
  8. Diagnostic Assessment
    • Diagnostic methods (PE, laboratory testing, imaging, surveys).
    • Diagnostic challenges.
    • Diagnosis (including other diagnoses considered).
    • Prognostic characteristics when applicable.
  9. Therapeutic Intervention
    • Types of therapeutic intervention (pharmacologic, surgical, preventive).
    • Administration of therapeutic intervention (dosage, strength, duration).
    • Changes in therapeutic interventions with explanations.
  10. Follow-up and Outcomes
    • Clinician- and patient-assessed outcomes if available.
    • Important follow-up diagnostic and other test results.
    • Intervention adherence and tolerability. (How was this assessed?)
    • Adverse and unanticipated events.
  11. Discussion
    • Strengths and limitations in your approach to this case.
    • Discussion of the relevant medical literature.
    • The rationale for your conclusions.
    • The primary "take-away" lessons from this case report (without references) in a one paragraph conclusion.
    • Competing interests:the authors should declare all competing interests
    • Figures(If any) should be included after the references. Pictures of patients should follow the journal guidance on preserving patient privacy and confidentiality.
    • References:Should be limited to 10
  12. Patient Perspective– The patient should share their perspective on the treatment(s) they received.
  13. Informed Consent– The patient should give informed consent. (Provide if requested.)

The CARE checklist is available for download here: CARE Checklist . Follow the link to the care-statement to see examples of case reports formatted according to the CARE guidelines. Additional resources for authors are available from the CARE guidelines authors page.

5. Case series

A case series is a group or series of case reports involving patients who were given similar treatment. Reports of case series usually contain detailed information about the individual patients. This includes demographic information (for example, age, gender, ethnic origin) and information on diagnosis, treatment, response to treatment, and follow-up after treatment [Definition of a case series]. A case series should include:

  • Abstract: a single block paragraph of up to 250 words summa rising findings of the series. Not structured in paragraphs
  • Introduction
  • Methods: describing the method of the case series, including treatment procedures if any.
  • Results: providing the findings of the series
  • Discussion: providing the findings of the series
  • Limitations: acknowledging the limitation of your study
  • Conclusion: should highlight the educational aspect of the case report
  • What is already know on this topic: maximum of 03 bullet points
  • What this study adds: maximum of 03 bullet points
  • Competing interests
  • Authors' contributions: as per ICMJE authorship criteria
  • Acknowledgements: (if any)
  • List of tables and/or figures (If any): with their detailed legends
  • References: should be limited to 20

Case-series should follow the STROBE guidance for cross-sectional studies.

6. Short communication

A maximum of 1500 words in the main text (i.e., excluding abstract, references and legends) plus up to ten references and normally no more than two illustrations (tables or figures or one of each). Otherwise in the same format as full-length original papers (see above).

Download short communication templates to help format your manuscripts. Get templates

7. Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses Templates. Get templates

Contrary to what it seems, review articles are some of the most challenging to write. Articles submitted to the MJZ as systematic reviews and meta-analyses should adhere to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

A maximum of 5000 words in the main text (i.e. excluding abstract, references and legends) plus up to 100 references. Reviews are usually solicited, although unsolicited Reviews may be considered for publication. Prospective writers of Reviews should first consult the Editors.

Several PRISMA extensions exist that we invite prospective authors of reviews to consult and adhere to.

In addition, the PRISMA Website provides key documents for authors. Kindly ensure that your review follows these important guidelines

8. Letters to the Editors

Comment briefly on findings of Journal articles or other noteworthy public health advances (up to 800 words in main text, no abstract, limited to 10 references). Please note that word counts refer exclusively to the main text and do not include abstract, references, or acknowledgments.

9. Commentaries

Up to 2500 words in main text, 2 tables/figures, and an unstructured abstract of 120 words.

10. Editorial

An editorial is an article written by or on behalf of the editors that gives an opinion on a topical issue. Editorials are usually solicited. Contact the editorial office if you wish to submit an editorial to the journal.

The structure of an editorial typically includes:

  • Editorial
  • Competing interests
  • References

11. Opinion

An opinion piece is a short article providing the personal opinion of the author on a subject of interest. Opinion article may be solicited or not. The following structure applies to an opinion piece: Abstract, Opinion, Competing interests, References (not more than 5 references). Contact the editorial office if you wish to submit an opinion piece. Download the opinion template Get templates

12. Perspective

A perspective essay is an essay where the author is asked to voice their opinion on a given topic. The topic chosen to provide a personal perspective about should be of clinical or public health interest to MJZ readership. A perspective should not be based on the opinions of others, but should explicitly express the author's perspective or views. In the process of writing a perspective, the author should help readers understand how they form their opinion. A perspective is typically a non-technical document, easily understandable to a wide non-technical audience, so avoid using jargon. Use the first person (I, or we if more than one author). Use details and examples to illustrate your point.

13. Obituaries

Obituaries acknowledge the work of a significant and recently deceased professional. Contact the editorial office if you wish to submit an obituary.

14. Revised manuscripts

If you are asked to revise your manuscript you will be expected to provide a covering letter that responds in detail to each point raised by reviewers or editors, and to highlight new material in the text using a different colour (do not use the 'track changes' mode of Word). If a manuscript returned to the authors for revision is not returned to the Editorial Office within the stipulated time-period (usually 4 weeks), it will be treated as a new manuscript.

15. Proofs

An email is sent to the corresponding author. Typographical errors only should be corrected. The corrected proof should be returned within 48 hours. Failure to comply with this deadline will delay publication.

16. Permissions

Verbatim material or illustrations taken from other published sources must be accompanied by a written statement from the author, and from the publisher if holding the copyright, giving permission to MJZ for reproduction. 

It is condition of publication in the journal that the authors assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Zambia. To this effect all accompanying letters must contain the following statement. The authors being the sole and legitimate holder of the copyright hereby transfer it to Medical Journal of Zambia.

18. Publication and peer review processes

Plagiarism check

We take the issue of plagiarism very seriously. All manuscripts submitted to the MJZ are checked for plagiarism various tools and services including Ithenticate (through our partnership with CrossRef), Google search, and independent reports of suspected plagiarism. Suspected and reported instances of plagiarism will be investigated thoroughly, according to the COPE guidelines. Manuscripts confirmed with plagiarism can be removed from consideration for publication in the journal; actions against all the manuscript authors can also be considered. If the plagiarism is identified post-publication, the article can be retracted with a retraction notice published.

Editorial policies

Any manuscript or substantial parts of it, submitted to MJZ must not be under consideration by any other journal. The manuscript should not have already been published in any journal or other citable form, with that exception that the journal is willing to consider peer-reviewing manuscripts that are translations of articles originally published in another language. In this case, the consent of the journal in which the article was originally published must be obtained and the fact that the article has already been published must be made clear on submission and stated in the abstract. Authors who publish in MJZ retain copyright to their work. Correspondence concerning articles published in MJZ is encouraged.

Submission of a manuscript to MJZ implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content, and that any research that is reported in the manuscript has been performed with the approval of an appropriate ethics committee. Research carried out on humans must be in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration, and any experimental research on animals must follow internationally recognized guidelines. A statement to this effect must appear in the Methods section of the manuscript, including the name of the body which gave approval, with a reference number where appropriate. Informed consent must also be documented. Manuscripts may be rejected if the editorial office considers that the research has not been carried out within an ethical framework, e.g. if the severity of the experimental procedure is not justified by the value of the knowledge gained. 

Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses in the Methods section.

We ask authors of MJZ papers to complete a declaration of competing interests, which should be provided as a separate section of the manuscript, to follow the Acknowledgements. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'. To learn more about competing interests the following articles provide some background:

For all articles that include information or clinical photographs relating to individual patients, written and signed consent from each patient to publish must also be mailed or faxed to the editorial staff. The manuscript should also include a statement to this effect in the Acknowledgements section, as follows: "Written consent for publication was obtained from the patient or their relative."

19. Online submission Requirements

Manuscript is submitted through the MJZ online Submission Portal. You will need the following to complete the submission of your manuscript:

  • Name and email addresses of all authors.
  • Correctly formatted manuscript: Microsoft Word (docx only).
  • Correctly formatted figures in one of the acceptable formats (see Figures).
  • Cover letter that explains why the journal should consider your manuscript, declares any competing interests and confirms that the manuscript is not currently considered for publication in any other journals.

20. Article Processing Charges

MJZ is an Open Access Journal and does not charge any article Processing charge/ Fee. It is currently being supported Zambia Medical Association. We do not charge article submission or publication fees.

21. MJZ peer review process

MJZ uses online peer review (Open Journal System) to speed up the publication process. Submitted manuscripts, where applicable, will be sent to peer reviewers, unless they are either out of scope or below the language or scientific threshold for the journal as determined by the editor-in- chief, a science editor or an associate editor.

The MJZ follows a single blind peer review process whereby, reviewers know who the authors of the manuscripts are but authors do not know who the reviewers are.

Manuscripts submitted to the MJZ will go through three type of review process:

  1. Internal review of the format and adherence to the journal instructions for authors: during this step, the editor of the manuscript will assess the submission's adherence to the journal instructions for authors including the quality of the images and tables, the format of citations and references of the manuscript. The editors in charge of the manuscript may reject the manuscript at this stage if the issues identified are numerous or request the submission of a revision if the issues identified are minor.
  2. Internal scientific review by the MJZ scientific editors: at this stage, scientific editors or qualified members of the editorial board will assess the scientific contents of the manuscript; focusing on all aspects of the manuscript including adherence to reporting guideline such as STROBE, PRISMA, CONSORT, CARE, sound science, adherence to ethical guidelines and compliance with the MJZ editorial policy. Depending on the outcome of this internal scientific review, the scientific editors may recommend revisions, rejection, or accept the manuscript. Manuscript submitted in the categories: Letters to the editors, Comments, Opinions are usually not sent out for external peer-review.
  3. External peer review: Each manuscript is sent to 2 to 3 external peer reviewers. The decision to send the manuscript for external review is made on its clinical, policy or public health relevance. The external peer review does not preclude an internal one as the two can be conducted concomitantly. The decision on the manuscript will be based on the outcome of the combined peer review processed (internal and external). All manuscripts submitted in as Research, Reviews, Essay are internally and externally peer reviewed.

The ultimate responsibility for any decision lies with the Editor-in-Chief, to whom any appeals against rejections should be addressed.

To guide the peer-review process, the MJZ provides a checklist adapted from the Review Criteria for Research Manuscripts 2nd Edition (AAMC). the Reviewers are asked whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, how interesting it is and whether the quality of the writing is acceptable. Where possible, the final decision is made on the basis that the peer reviewers are in accordance with one another, or that at least there is no strong dissenting view. In cases where there is strong disagreement either among peer reviewers or between the authors and peer reviewers, advice is sought from a member of the journal's Editorial Board. The journal allows a maximum of two revisions of any manuscripts.

Reviewers are also asked to indicate which articles they consider to be especially interesting or significant. These articles may be given greater prominence and greater external publicity.

22. MJZ record retention policy (CrossMark Policy)

Material and records created during the submission process will be archived. Once archived, these materials will no longer be accessible to the submitting author through the journal panel. The duration of retention of records created during the submission process is as follow:

  • Manuscripts already published: 2 years from the date of publication
  • Manuscripts rejected or withdrawn: 2 years from the date of the action

Authors willing to access these materials would have to contact the editorial office of the journal.

We work closely with authors to make what we publish error-free.

When an article is published, the corresponding author receives an email and a correction request sheet which can be used to submit corrections to our online proof checking system if necessary. In each case, we make sure that corrections are handled as soon as possible.

All corrections are handled by the editor assigned to the article.

All other changes requested will be reviewed by the editorial team for appropriateness.

We publish corrections in Erratum and Corrigendum articles as soon as we can.

Once a manuscript is published, authors can request changes for; grammatical and orthographic errors, errors in the spelling of author names or affiliation, invalid or non-readable characters.

After a manuscript is published, MJZ editors will not accept requests to change the order of authors, add new authors or remove authors.

Requests to make intensive changes anywhere in the text will be declined.

23. MJZ retraction policy

Retractions are considered by the MJZ editorial office after assessing evidence of unreliable data or findings, plagiarism, duplicate publication, and unethical research practices.

The MJZ editorial office may consider an expression of concern notice if an article is under investigation.

When a retraction notice is published in MJZ, the retracted article and the PDF are watermarked with “retracted article” before the notice is submitted for indexation on article databases where MJZ content is deposited

Depending on the nature of the retraction, authors may also be banned from publishing in MJZ for up to five (5) years.

24. MJZ correction policy

The MJZ is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and follows the international standards for editors and authors and COPE guidelines on investigating scientific misconduct.

CrossMark is a multi-publisher initiative from CrossRef to provide a standard way for readers to locate the current version of a piece of content. By applying the Crossmark logo Publisher Name is committing to maintaining the content it publishes and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur. Clicking on the Crossmark logo will tell you the current status of a document and may also give you additional publication record information about the document.

MJZ participates in CrossMark, therefore, all published articles will display the CrossMark logo similar to the one below. By Clicking on the CrossMark logo you will get the current status of an article and will be directed to the latest published version.

  1. Kleinert S & Wager E (2011) Responsible research publication: international standards for editors. A position statement developed at the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, Singapore, July 22-24, 2010. Chapter 51 in: Mayer T &Steneck N (eds) Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment. Imperial College Press / World Scientific Publishing, Singapore (pp 317-28). (ISBN 978-981-4340-97-7)

CrossMark Logo

25. Permanent archiving of content

All articles published in MJZ from 1st April 2022 will receive a DOI. The contents of MJZ are archived on Africa Journal OnlinePublons

Whenever a published article needs to be corrected, the correction or retraction policies above will apply.

26. Authors conflicts and complaints resolution

Conflicts and disagreements between authors themselves or between authors and the editorial team are inevitable. All conflicts will be handled according to the Committee on Publication Ethics Guidance. Authors are free to bring their grievance against the journal to COPE. As a member of the COPE, some issues between authors or between authors and the journal can be posted on COPE website as case studies, in accordance with COPE editorial policies.

27. MJZ Research Ethics Policy

All research articles submitted for consideration to the MJZ  should abide to basic research ethics as guided by international bodies such as:

The basic principles underpinning the ethical conduct at all stages of research are summarized below:

  • Researchers must abide with the following principles at all stages of the research lifecycle. This includes the planning stage, applying for funding, the conduct, and later stages of the project, such as dissemination and impact activities.
  • Researchers must respect the rights, interests, dignity of participants and related persons in research.
  • Research must be undertaken in accordance with any relevant common law or legislation.
  • Full informed consent should normally be obtained from participants to enable participants to take part voluntarily. Consent should be given freely without force or coercion.
  • Researchers have an obligation to protect research participants wherever possible from significant harm consequent upon the research.
  • The confidentiality of information supplied by research participants and any agreement to grant anonymity to respondents should be respected.
  • Care must be taken with collecting, handling and storing sensitive, classified and/or personal data. Such data should be kept securely and protected from unauthorized access.
  • Particular care should be taken to ensure that human data cannot be linked back to individuals unless by authorised persons. It is essential that all sensitive, classified and /or personal data are disposed of appropriately in line with legal and funder requirements.
  • Both the design of research and its conduct should ensure integrity, quality and provide benefits that outweigh potential risk or harm.
  • Research shall be undertaken subject to the principle of academic independence. Where any conflicts of interest or partiality arise, these must be clearly stated prior to ethical approval being obtained.
  • The same high ethical standards shall apply wherever in the world the research is being undertaken.
  • The principal investigator and the research team shall be responsible for determining what ethical issues emerge from the proposed project and for obtaining ethical approval of the project.
  • All research involving human participants is subject to ethical approval.
  • Research that does not involve humans but raises ethical issues or concerns is also subject to ethical approval
  • Researchers are responsible for ensuring the project is undertaken as approved by the University research ethics approval process and in compliance with any legal or organisational requirements.
  • Any major divergence from the approved project must be subject to further ethical approval and the researcher is responsible for acquiring further ethics approval before continuing with the research.