Medical prescription pitfalls of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in government healthcare facilities in Zambia

  • Chola Besa 1Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, Ndola, Zambia
  • S Siziya 1Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, Ndola, Zambia
Keywords: Drug errors, urinary tract infection, adverse drug reactions, drug – drug interactions, zambia

Abstract

Objectives:  The aim of this evaluation was to identify pitfalls in medical prescriptions of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in government healthcare facilities in Zambia.

Design:  The study was a cross sectional study and healthcare facilities were conveniently sampled.

Main outcome measures: Rate of compliance to Zambia national prescribing guidelines. 

Results:  A total of 42 (75.0%) out of 56 students participated in the survey of whom 66.7% were males. Findings in this study has demonstrated significant drug misuse and over-prescription as participants were healthy individuals. Only 75.6% of prescriptions indicated patient’s name and very small proportions of prescriptions (11.5%)  indicated patients’ address.    In addition, relatively small proportion of prescriptions (68.8%) had generic names and many prescriptions (58.1%) had large blank spaces left.  Furthermore, relatively large proportion of prescriptions were not signed (10.7%) and not dated (12.0%).  Almost half of the prescriptions (47.6%) did not show prescribers’ names and only small proportions of prescriptions had precribers’ identification number (24.%) and address or department (21.5%) indicated. 

Conclusions:  Overall, the evaluation has shown poor prescribing practices and not in compliance with national prescribing guidelines among prescribers in government healthcare facilities in Zambia.  

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Author Biography

Chola Besa, 1Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, Ndola, Zambia

Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, 

Published
2017-06-09
Section
Articles