Screening of cardiovascular risk factors among workers of a Construction Company in a developing country, Senegal.

  • Azhar S Mohamed Service de Médecine Légale et de Médecine du Travail. Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d'Odontologie
  • S A Dia Service de Médecine Légale et de Médecine du Travail. Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d'Odontologie
  • E O Ndoye Service de Médecine Légale et de Médecine du Travail. Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d'Odontologie
Keywords: Cardiovascular, risk factor, Cardiovascular desease, Prevention, Construction company

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in workplace and the global risk among workers of a Construction Company in a developing country.

Methods

It was a retrospective and descriptive survey over two years in a construction company in Dakar, Senegal.

Results

We collected 64 workers with a male predominance. The average age of workers was 44.9 years. Evaluation and analysis of cardiovascular risk reflected four levels: low in 78.12%, moderate in 15.62%, high in 4.69% and very high in 1.57%. Sedentary was strongly associated with moderate or high cardiovascular risk. Metabolic syndrome was strongly associated with moderate or elevated cardiovascular risk.

Conclusion

Our study reveals a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Senegalese workers. It would be important to include a screening program and correct assessment of overall cardiovascular risk in this population.

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Published
2017-06-09
Section
Articles