Evaluation of the Implementation of the Reaching Every District Approach in Routine Immunisation in Lusaka District, Zambia

  • A Mwanamwenge World Health Organization Country Office, Lusaka, Zambia
  • F Masaninga 2University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia.
Keywords: RED, immunization, training, outreach


Background:  In 2003, the Government of Zambia in collaboration with implementing partners in immunisation introduced the Reaching Every District (RED) strategy to improve immunization coverage. The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of the RED strategy in Lusaka district.

Methods: A questionnaire was administered among health centres in charge of all governmental health clinics in Lusaka districts (N = 27). RED implementation was quantified by calculating a RED implementation score (IS) for each of the RED components on a scale of 0 (low implementation score) to 5 (high implementation score).

Results: The mean overall RED implementation score was 3.5. The RED component of linking services with community and re-establishing outreach were the two weakest components.

Conclusions and recommendations: This evaluation showed that there are a number of elements of the RED strategy which are well implemented; however, some elements need further improvements. There is need for more research on the implementation of the RED strategy in Zambia in order to identify bottlenecks for improving immunization coverage at larger scale and a wider participation. 


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