A Survey of Medical Students' Experiences with Online Practical Pharmacology Classes during Covid- 19 Lockdown

Online Practical Pharmacology Classes during Covid-19

Keywords: Computer Simulations, Covid-19, Medical Students, Online Learning, Pharmacology, Social Isolation


Background: Due to Covid-19 restrictions, medical education now embraces online teaching. Aim: To determined medical students’ perception of online pharmacology practical classes conducted during COVID-19 lockdown. Methods: Years 2 and 3 students participated in the study. Before the pandemic, they used the exercises for on-site classes. They used Cyber Patient, Organ bath, Virtual Cat, and Virtual Rat software to conduct pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, autonomic, cardiovascular, and neuropharmacology exercises. Through Moodle, they received instructions and resources; and the tutors accessed and rated their reports. To determine their readiness and perception of the exercises, the study conducted cross-sectional survey using questionnaire that included a demographic section, a section on ICT readiness, and a section on perception of the exercises. Statistical analysis included mean scores, t-test, Cronbach’s coefficient, and principal components. Results: Sample size for both classes (total enrolment = 191) was 128. Seventy-eight students participated (45 from year 2 and 33 from year 3). Response rate was 60.94 %, mean age 21.7 (SD = 4.0); 74.4 % had no formal ICT training, 92.3 % had personal computers, 95 % used computers often, and 79.5 % required ICT training. Cronbach’s coefficient was 0.8, and factor analysis yielded two principal components that accounted for 54.5 % of variance. Participants were “satisfied” with the exercises, reported that these programs were “quite user-friendly,” “somewhat-easy” to use, and “supportive” of learning. They would “likely” recommend them for future use. Conclusion: The online exercises provided effective method of delivering practical pharmacology classes to medical students.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Christian Chinyere Ezeala, Mulungushi University

Full Professor of Pharmacology and Health Sciences Education

How to Cite
Ezeala, C., Ezeala, M., & Akapelwa, T. (2021). A Survey of Medical Students’ Experiences with Online Practical Pharmacology Classes during Covid- 19 Lockdown. Medical Journal of Zambia, 48(1), 25 - 30. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.55320/mjz.48.1.787
Original Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)