The Medical students’ knowledge on the use of ionising radiation during medical imaging procedures in Zambia

  • Boster Dearson Siwila Radiological Society of Zambia
  • Boster Dearson Siwila, Dr
  • Lucky N.R N. R Chipeya, Dr
  • Sibusiso Mdletshe, Dr
  • James Maimbo Sichone, Dr
  • Boster Dearson Siwila, Dr Radiation Protection Authority
Keywords: Ionising Radiation, Knowledge, Medical Students, Radiation Protection


Purpose: This study aimed to explore and describe the medical students’ knowledge on the use of ionising radiation and its harmful effects during diagnostic imaging procedures in Zambia.

Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional design was employed. A census survey of all final year medical students from the University of Zambia (UNZA) was conducted. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analysed using STATA version 13 and Graph Pad Prism 5.

Result: The overall results revealed that medical students had inadequate knowledge of the use of ionising radiation. Furthermore, most of the students revealed that the medical school curriculum was inadequate in equipping them with the necessary knowledge required for them to request diagnostic medical imaging procedures utilizing ionizing radiation.

Discussion: The results implied that the knowledge levels of the medical students were insufficient in the use and prescription of imaging procedures. It is suggested that the UNZA medical school curriculum is critically scrutinized and a radiation protection course is included. The inclusion would provide the medical students with the necessary knowledge about ionising radiation in order to prevent unnecessary referrals for diagnostic medical imaging procedures


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Author Biographies

Sibusiso Mdletshe, Dr

Department of Anatomy and Medical Imaging, University of Auckland, New Zealand

James Maimbo Sichone, Dr
  1. Department of Biomedical Sciences, Radiography Section, University of Zambia
Boster Dearson Siwila, Dr, Radiation Protection Authority

Radiation Protection Authority, Zambia

How to Cite
Siwila, B., Siwila, B., Chipeya, L. N., Mdletshe, S., Sichone, J., & Siwila, B. (2021). The Medical students’ knowledge on the use of ionising radiation during medical imaging procedures in Zambia. Medical Journal of Zambia, 48(1), 31 - 37. Retrieved from
Original Articles