Prevalence of Eye Diseases among Learners in Kafue District, Zambia

  • Kangwa I. M Muma Levy Mwanawasa Medical University
  • Mutale Nyaywa Eye Department, Arthur Davison Children's Hospital, Ndola, Zambia
  • Godfrey Mwelwa Vision Aid Overseas, Zambia Country Office, Lusaka, Zambia
  • Anne Buglass Vision Aid Overseas, Global Office, London, United Kingdom
  • Chileshe Mboni Kitwe Teaching Eye Hospital, Kitwe, Zambia
Keywords: Eye diseases, significant refractive errors, prevalence, screening, learners


Objective: To determine the pattern and magnitude of eye diseases among the primary and secondary schools' learners in Kafue District in Zambia.
Method: A cross-sectional survey of all 73 primary and secondary schools in Kafue.
Results: A total of 18,713 enrolled in the study. The prevalence of eye diseases was 20.9% accounting for 17.0% allergic conjunctivitis followed by refractive 3.3%, and least was retinal disorder at 0.01%. Urban dwellers were affected more than their rural counterparts.
Conclusion: The survey found a high prevalence of eye diseases among the learners in Kafue District with allergic conjunctivitis being the most prevalent cause followed by significant refractive errors.


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Author Biography

Kangwa I. M Muma, Levy Mwanawasa Medical University

1. University Teaching Hospitals - Eye Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
2. National Eye Health Coordination, Directorate of Clinical Care and Diagnostic Services, Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia
3. Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine and Clinical Sciences, Levy Mwanawasa Medical University, Lusaka, Zambia

How to Cite
Muma, K., Nyaywa, M., Mwelwa, G., Buglass, A., & Mboni, C. (2020). Prevalence of Eye Diseases among Learners in Kafue District, Zambia. Medical Journal of Zambia, 47(1), 1-7. Retrieved from
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