The Histological Appearances of the Adult Kidney in HIV Infection at Autopsy at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka

ABSTRACT

Background: Kidney disease in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is very common.  The cause of the various histological appearances include HIV infection of the kidney, immunologic responses to the virus, opportunistic infections, neoplasms and consequences of anti-retroviral therapy that characterize the acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). There are no autopsy studies conducted in HIV-infected cases in sub-Saharan Africa on the histological lesions of the kidney.

A Histological Autopsy Study of the Thyroid gland in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected Adults at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Zambia, not much is known about the spectrum of thyroid lesions in patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus, (AIDS). Patients with AIDS have increased prevalence of thyroid function abnormalities. It is therefore postulated the thyroid gland would be involved in AIDS patients. This study focused on the histologic appearances of the thyroid gland in HIV and AIDS patients on post mortem.