T Sokesi, K Malama, F Masaninga, B Vwalika, JS Kachimba, J Mufunda, P Songolo
Background: Zambia is endemic for four of the global Preventive Chemotherapy Neglected Tropical Diseases (PC-NTD) targeted for elimination and control, namely schistosomiasis, trachoma, lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil transmitted helminths (STH). These diseases are associated with disfigurement, reduced productivity, reduced cognitive potential and hence affect the economic development of the households, communities and the country. They largely affect communities with socio- economic challenges, limited access to safe and clean water and lacking sanitary facilities. These diseases are preventable with chemotherapy being amenable to integrated community and school based mass drug administration coupled with PHASE strategies. This study explores lessons learnt from the implementation of mass drug administration for Schistosomiasis and Soil- transmitted helminths in Lusaka, Zambia.
Methodology: Lusaka province was targeted by Ministry of Community development, Mother and Child Health as risk of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminths respectively. Specific targets to be met were set.
Results: Luangwa, Chongwe and Shibuyunji districts surpassed their targets beyond 100%. Chirundu, Kafue and Rufunsa districts surpassed the 75% target. Lusaka district managed a coverage of 24% and this brought the overall provincial coverage to 41%. This was below the set target of 75%.
Conclusion: The exercise revealed that implementation of MDA with high coverage is feasible. This needs to be improved in areas not meeting the set targets.