Timely Response and Containment of 2016 Cholera Outbreak in Northern Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background:  The Northern Province of Zambia has recorded outbreaks of Cholera in Nsumbu area over the years including the year 2008 and 2012. Recently, an outbreak of cholera was reported in Northern Province between March and April 2016. This study aims to document the appropriateness of the response to the cholera outbreak to guide outbreak preparedness and timely response in the future.

Increased Sensitization of Health Workers Leading to Detection of Unintended Cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis: A Case of a “Konzo” Outbreak in Western Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background: The threat of high profile diseases causing outbreaks has drawn attention to public health surveillance systems, much needed for the timely detection of outbreaks. A disease characterized by weakness of the lower limbs in Luatembo rural health facility was reported to the province in 2013. Through the Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance (AFP) program the Western Province in Zambia recorded an increase in the numbers of people affected with spastic paraparesis.

Progress of WHO Zambia towards the WHO Reforms through Transformation Agenda

ABSTRACT

Background: WHO is going through reforms which started in 2011. The Reform process intensified when the WHO was put to the test during the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2014. Weaknesses observed raised widely expressed concern about the response of the WHO in emergencies. Dwindling financial resources and multiple partners interested in its mandate also largely contributed to WHO reforms. WHO African Region introduced the Transformation Agenda programme in 2015 designed to accelerate implementation of WHO reforms within Africa.

Echoviruses diagnosed in two Children presenting with Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP): An Illustration of the Evolving role of the Zambian AFP Surveillance Programme in the Absence of Polio

ABSTRACT

Background: The Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan virus commonly referred to by the acronym ECHO virus has been known to cause acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). Zambia has since 1993 run a national AFP surveillance program to primarily detect and confirm poliomyelitis cases. Through this program other enteroviruses have been confirmed to be associated to the non-polio cases. We describe two patients with acute flaccid paralysis presenting like poliomyelitis and yet are non-polio cases associated with ECHO virus.

Bipolar Disorder in Child Psychiatric Practice: A Case Report

ABSTRACT

Bipolar disorder in children is unrecognized for many reasons including lack of awareness, diagnostic confusion, and the different clinical picture in children. The disorder has not been well studied in prepubertal children, despite its potentially debilitating effects on growth and development. It may be comorbid with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) or it may demonstrate features of ADHD and CD. A bipolar child should be treated using a biopsychosocial approach.

Bacteriology of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media among Children at the Arthur Davidson Children's Hospital, Ndola, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Objectives:  The  study  aimed  to  determine  the
bacteria that cause CSOM and their sensitivity to drugs used in children attending at the Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) clinic at Arthur Davidson Children's Hospital(ADCH) in Ndola.