A Histological Autopsy Study of the Thyroid gland in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected Adults at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia


Background: Despite the high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Zambia, not much is known about the spectrum of thyroid lesions in patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus, (AIDS). Patients with AIDS have increased prevalence of thyroid function abnormalities. It is therefore postulated the thyroid gland would be involved in AIDS patients. This study focused on the histologic appearances of the thyroid gland in HIV and AIDS patients on post mortem.



Background: Psychiatric co-morbidities occur more frequently in patients with epilepsy but are usually undertreated. Treatment of these disorders is key to reducing mortality via suicide and other causes. This study determined the levels of treatment of psychiatric co-morbidities at clinics in Lusaka, Zambia.

Determinants of Optimal Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living With HIV/AIDS registered for Antiretroviral Therapy in Zimbabwe



Successful Antiretroviral therapy (ART) was shown to rely on high levels of medication adherence to enable maximum and durable viral suppression for the prolongation of life among people living with HIV/AIDS.


The study sought to determine individual and environmental factors that influence optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV/AIDS patients registered at Morgester hospital.

Barriers to accessing adolescent sexual and reproductive health services among undocumented migrants in South Africa: a documentary review


Adolescent sexual and reproductive health access continues to dominate the development   agenda since the historic 1994 Cairo Conference and becomes a huge public health concern for the increasing diverse of undocumented adolescents who have become an important component as irregular migration patterns and profiles shifts in South Africa. The inherent nature of irregular migration poses exposure and vulnerabilities making access to sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) imperative.

Barriers to Healthcare Access and Coping Mechanisms among Sub-Saharan African Migrants living in Bangkok, Thailand: A Qualitative Study


Access to health care services among migrant populations is a major public health concern. Migrants' health profiles, values and beliefs may differ from those of the host population and present a potential to increased vulnerability to ill health and barriers in accessing health services.  In addition, migrants may travel with or may acquire diseases or conditions while travelling or while staying in the host country, that present need for regular healthcare services.

The Association between Antiretroviral Therapy with Depression and Health Related Quality Of Life in Patients Infected With HIV in Kasempa, Zambia


Background: Many HIV-infected patients are accessing antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia. This has enabled them to live longer. However, it is necessary to determine whether such improvements are accompanied with parallel improvements in quality of life. The purpose of this research was to determine whether ART was associated with lower levels of depression and higher levels of health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Indigenous Knowledge Systems for the treatment of Hypertension in Lusaka, Zambia: Perceptions, Knowledge and Practice


Background: A significant number of patients suffering from hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity, are said to access traditional medicine (TM) for their disease management. Traditional medicine, originating from indigenous knowledge that has been passed on from generation to generation, has remained largely under-researched. There is paucity of information on the efficacy and toxicity of these remedies.

Evaluation of the Implementation of the Reaching Every District Approach in Routine Immunisation in Lusaka District, Zambia


Background:  In 2003, the Government of Zambia in collaboration with implementing partners in immunisation introduced the Reaching Every District (RED) strategy to improve immunization coverage. The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of the RED strategy in Lusaka district.