Factors associated with Infertility among Women attending the Gynaecology Clinic at University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate and determine the factors associated with infertility in women attending the gynaecology clinic at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) in Lusaka, Zambia.

Evaluation of the Safety of the Taraklamp Male Circumcision Device in Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background: Male circumcision has been proved to be an effective additional means of preventing transmission of the HIV virus from females to males in heterosexual relationships with efficacy of up to 60%. Many methods and devices for adult male circumcision have now been developed. However, there are still concerns on safety, duration of procedure, and public acceptability of these devices.

ACUTE POISONING IN THE COMMUNITY AND ITS ASSOCIATED MORTALITY AT THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, LUSAKA, ZAMBIA

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute poisoning is a common event in the community. Despite the high prevalence of acute poisoning in the community, there are very few studies done on the subject in Zambia. Lack of research on acute poisoning has resulted in lack of information on the pattern of poisoning, morbidity, mortality and pitfalls in management.

The Histological Appearances of the Adult Kidney in HIV Infection at Autopsy at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka

ABSTRACT

Background: Kidney disease in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is very common.  The cause of the various histological appearances include HIV infection of the kidney, immunologic responses to the virus, opportunistic infections, neoplasms and consequences of anti-retroviral therapy that characterize the acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). There are no autopsy studies conducted in HIV-infected cases in sub-Saharan Africa on the histological lesions of the kidney.

Factors associated with delayed Antenatal Care attendance in Malawi: Results from a Qualitative study

ABSTRACT

Background: Antenatal care has been identified as pivotal to improving maternal and child health in Malawi. Though Malawian women consistently seek antenatal care, they rarely do so during their first trimester. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to antenatal care uptake among Malawian women. This article adds to the literature by identifying common sociocultural barriers and their impact on ANC attendance.

Comparism of Various Staining Techniques in the Diagnosis of Coccidian Parasitosis in HIV Infection

ABSTRACT

Background: Diarrhoea due to oppourtunistic coccidian parasites is a common clinical presentation in HIV infection. Its management differs from that of diarrhoea due to other protozoa, improvement of immune status being the mainstay while specific drug treatment is available for other aetiologies, hence, the need for its accurate identification when present.

Prevalence of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Associated Factors in Adult Medical Patients Admitted to the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) collectively referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide.

DVT is common in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Routine use of thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce prevalence of DVT in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Thromboprophylaxis is not routinely given to hospitalized medical patients in most hospitals in Zambia.