The Histological Appearances of the Adult Kidney in HIV Infection at Autopsy at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka


Background: Kidney disease in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is very common.  The cause of the various histological appearances include HIV infection of the kidney, immunologic responses to the virus, opportunistic infections, neoplasms and consequences of anti-retroviral therapy that characterize the acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). There are no autopsy studies conducted in HIV-infected cases in sub-Saharan Africa on the histological lesions of the kidney.

Factors associated with delayed Antenatal Care attendance in Malawi: Results from a Qualitative study


Background: Antenatal care has been identified as pivotal to improving maternal and child health in Malawi. Though Malawian women consistently seek antenatal care, they rarely do so during their first trimester. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to antenatal care uptake among Malawian women. This article adds to the literature by identifying common sociocultural barriers and their impact on ANC attendance.

Comparism of Various Staining Techniques in the Diagnosis of Coccidian Parasitosis in HIV Infection


Background: Diarrhoea due to oppourtunistic coccidian parasites is a common clinical presentation in HIV infection. Its management differs from that of diarrhoea due to other protozoa, improvement of immune status being the mainstay while specific drug treatment is available for other aetiologies, hence, the need for its accurate identification when present.

Prevalence of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Associated Factors in Adult Medical Patients Admitted to the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia



Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) collectively referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide.

DVT is common in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Routine use of thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce prevalence of DVT in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Thromboprophylaxis is not routinely given to hospitalized medical patients in most hospitals in Zambia.


A Comparative Study of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Hospitalised Adult HIV Infected Patients with Normal and Abnormal Renal Function at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia



Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, including Zambia, especially among those infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Both kidney dysfunction and TB have been shown to be highly prevalent among hospitalised HIV infected patients.