Immunohistochemical Expression of Vitamin-D Receptor in Oral and Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma of a Black African Subpopulation

Abstract

Objective: The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) is involved in multiple pathways that have a role to play in the biology of cancer. Recent evidence indicates that the active form of vitamin D (1alpha, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol) (VD) exhibits several anti-growth effects. Thus it is useful as an anti-neoplastic agent in several human malignancies.

Raised IL-6 Levels: A Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Associated Complications in HIV Positive Zambians Presenting at the University Teaching Hospital before Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)

ABSTRACT

Objectives - The objectives of the study were to compare plasma levels of IL-6 in HIV positive and HIV negative individuals and to correlate them with CD4 count

Materials and methods - A cross-sectional study was carried out at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. IL-6 and CD4 were assessed in HIV positive on ART, HIV positive ART- naïve and HIV negative control participants.

Screening of cardiovascular risk factors among workers of a Construction Company in a developing country, Senegal.

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in workplace and the global risk among workers of a Construction Company in a developing country.

Methods

It was a retrospective and descriptive survey over two years in a construction company in Dakar, Senegal.

Results

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES ABOUT THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH USING COMMERCIAL MOTORCYCLE FOR TRANSPORTATION

ABSTRACT

Background and Purpose of Study: Commercial motorcycle is a popular mode of mass transportation in Nigeria, which despite being acknowledged benefits has been associated with health and social problems. This mode of transportation is embraced largely by young Nigerians, including university undergraduates who have not been well studied with respect to this mode of transportation. We determined the proportion of undergraduates of a Nigerian university regularly using commercial motorcycle.

Medical prescription pitfalls of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in government healthcare facilities in Zambia

Abstract

Objectives:  The aim of this evaluation was to identify pitfalls in medical prescriptions of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in government healthcare facilities in Zambia.

Design:  The study was a cross sectional study and healthcare facilities were conveniently sampled.

A Comparative study of Depression among fertile and infertile women in southwestern Nigerian city

ABSTRACT

Background:  Studies have identified a high prevalence of depression among women with infertility; few studies have explored this association in this environment.

Aims and objectives: the study is aimed at evaluating depression in a group of infertile women; compare the prevalence of depression among this group with prevalence among a control group of fertile women, and to identify demographic characteristics associated with depression in infertile women.