Prevalence of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Associated Factors in Adult Medical Patients Admitted to the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) collectively referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide.

DVT is common in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Routine use of thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce prevalence of DVT in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness. Thromboprophylaxis is not routinely given to hospitalized medical patients in most hospitals in Zambia.

 

A Comparative Study of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Hospitalised Adult HIV Infected Patients with Normal and Abnormal Renal Function at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background:

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, including Zambia, especially among those infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Both kidney dysfunction and TB have been shown to be highly prevalent among hospitalised HIV infected patients.

A Histological Autopsy Study of the Thyroid gland in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected Adults at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Zambia, not much is known about the spectrum of thyroid lesions in patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus, (AIDS). Patients with AIDS have increased prevalence of thyroid function abnormalities. It is therefore postulated the thyroid gland would be involved in AIDS patients. This study focused on the histologic appearances of the thyroid gland in HIV and AIDS patients on post mortem.

DETERMINING TREATMENT LEVELS OF COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC CONDITIONS IN PEOPLE WITH EPILEPSY ATTENDING SELECTED LOCAL CLINICS IN LUSAKA, ZAMBIA

ABSTRACT

Background: Psychiatric co-morbidities occur more frequently in patients with epilepsy but are usually undertreated. Treatment of these disorders is key to reducing mortality via suicide and other causes. This study determined the levels of treatment of psychiatric co-morbidities at clinics in Lusaka, Zambia.

Determinants of Optimal Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living With HIV/AIDS registered for Antiretroviral Therapy in Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT

Background

Successful Antiretroviral therapy (ART) was shown to rely on high levels of medication adherence to enable maximum and durable viral suppression for the prolongation of life among people living with HIV/AIDS.

Objective

The study sought to determine individual and environmental factors that influence optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV/AIDS patients registered at Morgester hospital.