Management of Intracranial Ventriculitis caused by Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii: Case Report and Literature Review

ABSTRACT

Background:  We report a case of a male patient in our hospital who developed associated multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii (MDRAB) intracrainial ventriculitis and treated using intraventricular (IVT) plus intrathecal (IT) colistin.

Objective: The purpose of our case report is to show case the effectiveness and safety of using intraventricular (IVT) plus intrathecal(IT) colistin in the management of potentially fatal MDRAB associated intracrainial ventriculitis.

Case Report Ramsay Hunt Syndrome presenting as “a window’’ to HIV diagnosis in 48 year old African female: A case report

ABSTRACT

Background: Ramsay Hunt Syndrome in adults is reported in a number of case reports as an uncommon presentation of Varicella zoster Virus infection. Ramsay Hunt Syndrome occurs when there is reactivation of the latent Varicella zoster virus present in the ganglia due to previous varicella infection. Following a breakdown of the immune system, latent Varicella zoster infection can be activated. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection), causes immunosuppression and hence reactivation of Varicella zoster.

Is Oxygen Supplementation Necessary for Patients under Spinal Anaesthesia? - A Prospective Hospital-Based Study

ABSTRACT

Background: Oxygen supplementation is given routinely to patients undergoing surgery under spinal anaesthesia, the basic aim being to prevent oxygen desaturation and hypoxemia.

 

Objective: This study aimed to find out the incidence of hypoxemia under spinal anaesthesia and determine if oxygen supplementation is necessary for patients under spinal anaesthesia.

Factors associated with Infertility among Women attending the Gynaecology Clinic at University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate and determine the factors associated with infertility in women attending the gynaecology clinic at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) in Lusaka, Zambia.

Evaluation of the Safety of the Taraklamp Male Circumcision Device in Zambia

ABSTRACT

Background: Male circumcision has been proved to be an effective additional means of preventing transmission of the HIV virus from females to males in heterosexual relationships with efficacy of up to 60%. Many methods and devices for adult male circumcision have now been developed. However, there are still concerns on safety, duration of procedure, and public acceptability of these devices.

ACUTE POISONING IN THE COMMUNITY AND ITS ASSOCIATED MORTALITY AT THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, LUSAKA, ZAMBIA

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute poisoning is a common event in the community. Despite the high prevalence of acute poisoning in the community, there are very few studies done on the subject in Zambia. Lack of research on acute poisoning has resulted in lack of information on the pattern of poisoning, morbidity, mortality and pitfalls in management.

The Histological Appearances of the Adult Kidney in HIV Infection at Autopsy at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka

ABSTRACT

Background: Kidney disease in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is very common.  The cause of the various histological appearances include HIV infection of the kidney, immunologic responses to the virus, opportunistic infections, neoplasms and consequences of anti-retroviral therapy that characterize the acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). There are no autopsy studies conducted in HIV-infected cases in sub-Saharan Africa on the histological lesions of the kidney.

Factors associated with delayed Antenatal Care attendance in Malawi: Results from a Qualitative study

ABSTRACT

Background: Antenatal care has been identified as pivotal to improving maternal and child health in Malawi. Though Malawian women consistently seek antenatal care, they rarely do so during their first trimester. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to antenatal care uptake among Malawian women. This article adds to the literature by identifying common sociocultural barriers and their impact on ANC attendance.